Ecotourism is a new concept in tourism. It is a purposeful travel to natural areas to understand the cultural and natural history of environment, taking care not to alter the integrity of the ecosystem, while producing economic opportunities that make conservation of natural resources beneficial to local people.
In short, ecotourism can be conceptualised as
Any tourism programme that is
(a) nature based,
(b) ecologically sustainable,
(c) where education and interpretation is a major component and
(d) where local people are benefited
can be called ecotourism. If it does not satisfy any one of these components then it cannot be called a real ecotourism venture.